Use of an exploratory landmark analysis that extends 1year after the final cutoff date of the pivotal trial

This question relates to the use of updated data (published & peerreviewed) from an exploratory landmark analysis that included data over 5 years (i.e., 1 year longer than the pivotal trial cutoff period of 4 years). It is essentially the same RCT, endpoints, patients, etc., but it incorporates an extra year of data (exploratory). Note that the data/stats are directionally consistent with the final analysis data, and the reason we want to use it is to include the most uptodate statistics. I.e., no new inferences would be made and the updated stats would be used (HR, p values, relative risk reduction, etc.). Is this permitted in a promotional context in HCP tools?
Per provision 8 of the PAAB guidance document on KM analysis (https://www.paab.ca/resources/kaplanmeier/), unplanned, or otherwise exploratory, subsequent interim KM analyses can be used to update the KM curve, hazard ratio, and corresponding CI/pvalues where a prior preplanned interim analysis had already established statistical significance between study groups. This is similar to our case described above where we have an exploratory landmark analysis that extends 1 year beyond the final analysis and is directionally consistent with the statistically significant final analysis. Note that this is for an HCPtargeted tool.

Hi @user123
This is a very specific question for an extension study. As we require the published study and original protocol for assessment, we suggest submitting for an opinion.

@jennifercarroll noted! More generally speaking, would PAAB ever consider unplanned, exploratory longterm data in HCP promotional materials if the study population and results aligned with the final analysis trial data in the PM?
Any additional insights you could provide would be much appreciated.

Hi @user123
PAAB has considered preplanned, exploratory, long term data in HCP promotional materials. Preplanning is a requirement per our study duration guidance document. The nature of the claims, i.e. promotional or claim neutral, would be determined by the protocol, original study, the published extension and statistical analysis. We hope that helps.

@jennifercarroll thank you for clarifying! That's very helpful.